"A ground-breaking DNA program in Bosnia has identified more than 1,320 victims [of massacres found in mass graves] in the past year or so. The software was successfully used in New York after the Sept. 11 attack on the World Trade Center."
"We're always in a hurry to do everything; they enjoy sitting down and talking...about everything," Sgt. Shane Pulig says in describing the difference he finds between Americans and Bosnians. "Their mealtimes are an event, not something they rush through in order to get finished. ... Most of them love us being here, especially the kids."
"An important part of living on this NATO base, which is headquarters to the American component of the international peacekeeping mission in Bosnia, is learning to appreciate the country's mix of religions," the Washington Times reports from Eagle Base in Tuzla. "At the end of Ramadan in November, Brig. Gen. John T. von Trott, the top officer at Eagle Base, invited Mohammed Lugavic, an imam from the Tuzla City Mosque, to address the troops and give them a 'better understanding of Ramadan and other holidays.' Gen. von Trott said he was impressed by the imam, who has organized a multifaith organization in Tuzla called 'the bridge' to improve communication among the city's Muslims, Roman Catholic Croats and Orthodox Serbs."
"When history comes to judge the siege of Sarajevo, which went on longer than the siege of Stalingrad, they'll judge us very hard indeed for simply standing by and doing nothing. We have a moral responsibility here and I feel I would like to help," the high representative tells reporter Nick Hawton.
War crimes tribunal will hear secrets of support for Milosevic's ethnic cleansing "It is what Hellenes have long feared: the shattering of a conspiracy of silence that has surrounded the role of Greek volunteers who proudly flew their flag at Srebrenica, after participating in Europe's worst massacre since the Second World War, when 7,000 men, women and children died."
"Last night's superlative documentary, 'The Fall of Milosevic', will force us to totally rethink our views on the Balkan conflict. Not a moment too soon, says Allan Little . . . "Milosevic's own inner circle - hidden behind an impenetrable wall of silence until now - are talking at last. These include Milan Milutinovic who, when he steps down as president of Serbia this week, will lose his immunity from prosecution - and will almost certainly join his old boss in the dock at The Hague. These old Milosevic hands - many of them, in their own ways, guilty men - have so much to reveal."
"Former Bosnia-Herzegovina coach and Yugoslavia international Faruk Hadzibegic was named coach of French club Troyes," AP reports. "Hadzibegic, 45, is expected to coach the team until the end of the season, European soccer body UEFA said."
One of the world's most-wanted war-crimes suspects continues to live openly in Serbia, according to a politician there. "Serb authorities were 'playing dumb' when they pretended not to know where the former Bosnian Serb military leader Ratko Mladic was, alleged Nenad Canak," BBC reports in a story posted at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/2612207.stm . " 'He is here and is appearing in seven locations,' Mr. Canak, the parliamentary speaker of the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina, said in a television interview." Mladic has been indicted for genocide and crimes against humanity over atrocities in Bosnia, including the siege of Sarajevo and mass murder in Srebrenica.
"From Poetics of Memory to Politics of Identity: Mak Dizdar on Medieval Bosnian Cemeteries," presented by Amila Buturovic, Associate Professor of Islamic Studies and Humanities, York University, Toronto. Wednesday, Feb. 19, 4:15 p.m. at Harvard University (Cabot Room, Minda de Ginzburg Center for European Studies).
"Eronet has been awarded a licence to act as the country's third GSM mobile operator, alongside Sarajevo-based BH Telekom and Mobilna Srpske," EuropeMedia.net reports in an article posted at http://www.europemedia.net/shownews.asp?ArticleID=14415 . The company, 49% owned by Hrvatski Telecom of Croatia, had been offering unlicensed service in Croat-controlled portions of Bosnia- Hercegovina; the license will make that service legal, as well as allow the company to expand its offerings.
Serbian Premier Zoran Djindjic says if Kosovars continue clamoring for independence, the Serbian government will demand a new "Dayton conference" to redraw borders throughout former Yugoslavia, he told the German publication Der Spiegel, the Tanjug news agency reports. The implication is that Serbia would demand territory from its neighbor in return for any concessions on Kosovo -- despite Serb officials' claims that they accept Bosnia's independence as a separate nation. Bosnian officials condemned the remarks, with a member of the country's collective presidency calling it a " direct attack on the sovereignty and integrity of Bosnia-Herzegovina," Reuters notes in a story posted at http://www.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/europe/01/10/balkans.djindjic.reut/ .
"Yugoslavia officially ceased to exist when its parliament voted to replace what remained of the troubled federation with a loose union of Serbia and Montenegro," Reuters reports. "The federal assembly cleared the final hurdle for establishing the Western-brokered union by passing its founding charter with an absolute majority in both houses, consigning the name Yugoslavia to history after almost 75 years."
Former Bosnian Serb president Biljana Plavsic, who has admitted a role in Bosnia's war crimes and awaits sentencing, has been ordered to testify in the trial of another Bosnian Serb nationalist. Plavsic was told she must serve as witness in the trial of Milomir Stakic, accused of overseeing killing and mass torture of non-Serbs in the Prijedor area, Reuters reports. "Stakic was a powerful member of the so-called Crisis Staff in Prijedor, which masterminded the seizure of the area in April 1992 and subsequently set up notorious detention camps such as Omarska, Keraterm and Trnopolje, prosecutors say," Reuters notes. Stakic, charged with genocide and crimes against humanity, belonged to the same Serb ultra nationalist political party as Plavsic.
The European Union has replaced the United Nations overseeing Bosnia's civilian police forces. The changeover occurred Dec. 31. "For many here, the United Nations flag that has flown over Bosnia for a decade will forever be stained with the blood of 8,000 Muslims killed in Europe's worst massacre since World War II," AP notes. Many also are angered by other UN activities during the war, such as counting the shells fired at civilians during the siege of Sarajevo instead of offering protection, and allowing Serb nationalists to cut off food, medicine, heat, running water, electricity and natural gas to the city's suffering population. `"Let them go, and show them the door,'' Sabra Kulenovic, a 53-year old survivor of the July 1995 Srebrenica slaughter, told AP. "Timid U.N. functionaries overseeing the peacekeepers caved instead of trying to secure respect for the international contingent through force," AP recalls. "Soon, U.N. commanders were begging local warlords to let their shipments of food pass through. The UN airlift operation carrying supplies for Serb-besieged Sarajevo was so unreliable that it was branded `Maybe Airlines.' Hands tied by lack of resolve at the top, the peacekeepers were reduced to 'monitoring'' how civilian targets were attacked." Others, though, have "kinder memories" of the UN's efforts after the war to restructure police and customs in the country, according to AP. A NATO-led peacekeeping force took over military duties in Bosnia after the Dayton peace treaty was signed, and still continues that role. "A statement issued by the United Nations described it as the most extensive police reform and restructuring mission ever undertaken by the United Nations," the NY Times reports. "Among the accomplishments of the mission was the reduction of local forces from 44,000 to about 16,000; the retraining of hundreds of police officers, and a thorough reform of the border guards." The EU will have about 500 officers in Bosnia, under a mandate that runs through 2005, the Times notes. That force is about one-third smaller than the UN force it replaces. "The reduction in manpower and spending has been a matter of some concern in Bosnia," the Times says. "The United Nations employed about 1,500 local staff, many of whom are likely to be laid off. Some Bosnians have also expressed concern that the smaller European force will be capable of fully policing human trafficking and corruption, which had been major projects under the United Nations." Amnesty International urged the EU to make investigation of human- rights abuses a top priority, Reuters reports. "Today, over seven years after the end of the war, thousands of outstanding human rights violations remain to be properly investigated, and perpetrators still enjoy impunity," Dick Oosting, director of Amnesty's European Union office, said in a statement, according to Reuters.
The long-awaited English edition of Good People in an Evil Time by Dr. Svetlana Broz--granddaughter of Tito--is now available in a pre- publication edition from Friends of Bosnia. Dr. Broz, a cardiologist, began in 1993 to record the stories of people throughout Bosnia who witnessed the bravery of people of different and "opposing" ethnicities in helping their neighbors and strangers to survive impossible situations. http://www.friendsofbosnia.org/_news/95_broz.html